A Mexican national, I studied my BA and PhD in Mathematics at Oxford and UC Berkeley. I am a researcher in economics at CIDE in Mexico since 1991, and direct the journal Economia Mexicana. I have visited at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy, and the Economics Departments of Brown University and UCLA. I was member of the Mexican Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, and have conducted research for several international organizations such as PAHO and UNDP. My research interests include poverty traps in human development and technology. My multiple steady state models of endogenous technological change represent underdevelopment as a long-term, dynamic poverty trap. They also explain globalization and its current crisis.